Music and Dance

Odisha situated on the east coast of India is a land of mesmerizing talents, music, dance, culture, and scenic beauty. Music and dance of Odisha are so deeply rooted in the human experience that we have almost taken it for granted. Music and dance are interrelated, they both have become an important part of each human being’s life. Without, knowing it we tend to track the tempo, pulse, rhythm, and we move in response. But, in recent studies scientists have found a quantitative method of studying the human response to music in its various forms.

Orissa Tourism brings you the insights of how music and dance have subsequently changed our lives with Odia music and dance. The impact of music on every human is highly impeccable. The human body tends to respond immediately as he or she listens to music or watches a dance show. We all have our favorite artists in terms of music and dance. We follow them, try to mimic them, and sometimes grant them as our Guru or teacher in real life. Music and dance of Odisha is not a new thing. It has been established for ages and has influenced the people of Odisha, foreigners, local tourists over the period.

Orissa Tourism brings you the facts you should know about Odissi Music and Odissi Dance. Odissi music is classified under Indian classical music. It has emerged from the eastern side of Odisha. Similarly, Odissi dance is formerly known as Odissi is one of the oldest literature. It is one of the ancient Indian classical dance that evolved in the Hindu temples.

With Orissa Tourism, you are going to analyze the deeper side of the majestic music and dance of Odisha has created over the globe. You would also know when it originated and how it has influenced the generation of India and people around the world.

 Odissi Music

Odissi music and dance have left its imprints in not only Odisha but world-wide. Students come from around the world to learn this form of music and dance. In the global world, people are fond of Indian classical music and its dance forms. But the cultural music and dance of this state have been renowned and respected throughout for ages. It is the truth, that students travel thousands of miles to come to Odisha and learn the classical forms and find it valuable. Today, Odissi music and dance have gained a lot of popularity through the internet. Yet, this not an easy form there are several methods and technicalities of Odissi music and dance. One would need serious practice to find perfection.

Before you know about this form of music. You must know it is one of the significant branches that fall under Indian classical music. Out of five Indian classical branches such as Panchali, Avanti, Odramagadhi, Carnatic, and Hindustani, Odissi music existed in the form of Odramagadhi. Among many forms, Odissi dance is the most popular form of classical dance of India that is performed on Odissi music. The famous and well-known poet Jayadev first wrote Odiya songs and brought Odissi music into existence. However, Odissi songs were written even before the Odiya language was reformed. The rich legacy of this music first stated in the 2nd century BC. This was performed before the King Kharavela (the ruler of Kalinga), he patronized this form of music in the divine land of Odisha. By the 15th century instead of Sanskrit, Odia language was being used for literary work and the poetry was developed based on the love theme Radha and Krishna. The musical forms such as Chautisa, Chhanda, Champu, Bhajan, Chaupadi, and Janana were already developed. In between the period of 16th to 19th centuries under the local philanthropist saw great composers of lyrical music based on the tune (raga) and beat (tala). Treatises on music like-Sangitarnava, Chandrika, Gita Prakasha, Sangita Kalpalata, Sangita Sarani, and Sangita Narayana were respected. Sangita Sarani and Sangita Narayana are two such treaties that were written in the 19th century. Odissi raga has a strong grammar, and composition compared to other Indian classical forms of music. However, it will always owe respect to the founder Jayadev who was a saint-poet, composer, and esteemed master of classical music.

Odissi Dance:

It is a typical dance form that was performed in the traditional temples of Odisha. This dance comprises of the bhangis, rhythm, and mudras that are used in the Odissi dance which have a distinctive quality of its own. Odissi dance is popularly known to be performed on the love theme Radha and Krishna.  This dance form was performed by the Devadasis who were attached to the Shri. Jagannath temple. This dance form is one of the sixth classical dance forms in India that has a distinctive elegance and poise related to its style. It was predominantly performed by women but currently, men have also been great co-dancers. Odissi performers have given their respect in the form of dance to several traditions and have performed based on mythological stories based on God and Goddesses. It is traditionally a dance-drama, where several artists and musicians play out a mythical story, deliver a spiritual message, or narrate a devotional poem based on the Hindu text. These dances wear symbolic costumes and represent their body movements through their expression (abhinaya), sign language (mudras and gestures). Odissi is a dance form where every inch of your body is constantly expressing itself. It involves your torso, hand, head, foot, hip, eyes, and many parts of your body to express the dance form. The 15th-century manual depicts Abhinaya Chandrika written by the famous writer Maheswara Mahapatra contains information regarding the technique of Odissi dance. It was also instrumental in reviving the old glory of Odisha’s regional style along with the temple sculptures. The Odissi Research center established by the Government of Odisha at Bhubaneswar has codified and preserved these dance forms in terms of poses, steps, and movements in Odissi dance. Moreover, as per the archaeologist, Odissi dance is one of the oldest surviving dance forms in India that has been traced in the 1st century BC. Other dance forms that are equally popular in Odisha are Chau, the Folk dance, Gotipua dance, Naga and Medha dance, the Daskathia, Mahari dance, etc that are equally respected in Odisha.