People & Culture

Welcome to the Land of Talented People and Inspiring Culture

Odisha is a land of where every religion like Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity, Saivism, Tantricism, Islam, and Vaisnavism have peacefully celebrated among people of different Dharma(religions). Most Hindu in Odisha is devoted to Sri. Lord Jagannath. But as Lord Jagannath comes in the chariot to visit his devotee’s people of other religions gather in millions to visit Puri to take his blessing. Apart from this wide-spread and rich culture people of Odisha have always maintained equality and peace among each other giving equal respect, love and affection to each other.

 Odisha is a state where you will see there is NO difference in feelings as people of Odisha celebrates every cultural event based on different religions. Since there were several rulers in Odisha from several places the culture becomes versatile and shows it’s an impression in the form of its art, craft, and culture. Moreover, Odisha and its people welcome awaits you warmly in Odisha, which possesses varied and fascinating cultural roots that are quite fascinating and versatile.

Odisha is also a state of multi-lingual, that is in this state multiple languages are spoken such as Baleswari (Balasore), Bharti (Koraput), Laria (Sambalpur), Sambalpuri (Sambalpur and other western districts), Ganjami (Ganjam and Koraput), Chhattisgarhi (Chhatisgarh and adjoining areas of Odisha (Orissa)) and Medinipuri (Midnapur district of West Bengal)

Orissa Tourism is going to help you understand in brief about the certain wide-spread culture that has massively influenced people life in Odisha. Every year thousands of people travel across the world to be a part of this culture with complete joy and devotion


jagannath culture
tribe odisha

 The Jagannath Culture: From the third century B.C. till the last day of the reign of Mukunda Dev, who was the last Hindu monarch, Orissa had a prosperous independent status and all-round developments. During the time of Ganga Kings, South-Western Bengal was within the Orissa empire. The Jagannath temple at Puri and the Sun temple at Konark was built during this dynasty which continues to remind the Oriyas of their past brilliant incredible sculptures and architectures. This historic sacred monument was built in the 12th century AD. The idols of Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra of the Jagannatha Temple at Puri are made of Daru (Neem Wood). The deities of Jagannatha temple of Puri are worshipped with Gayatri Mantra which has its Vedic origin. Every year almost millions of people visit this sacred land to see the deities with their bare eyes. Moreover, the three deities of Jagannath Temple comes once a year on the eve of Ratha Yatra to bless every soul. The major love and affection of people for their God can be seen in their eyes. However, Rath yatra is one of the most popular celebrated in Puri where visitors or tourists come around the work. This is also known as one of the abodes (Char Dham) of India where people come to find Moksha. Puri, popularly known as the ‘Jagannath Dham’ because of the sacred shrine of Lord Jagannath has a special place in the cultural history of the country and people around the world.

 The Tribal Culture: Orissa has one of the largest concentrations of tribal population in India. Tribal communities differ from all others in many respects, their unique features being clan organization and territorial exogamy, classes social structure, youth dormitory, colorful rituals, and folk art, music, and dance. These famous tribes of Odisha mainly survive on agriculture, fishing, farming, hunting, and gathering all of which are characterized as subsistence economy. Mostly the Kondh and Santal tribes are the most widespread in Odisha. The other famous tribes of Odisha like Koya, Mohali, and Loharas are specialized in jobs like cattle breeding, toolmaking, and basket weaving. They have a lot of influence on the people of Odisha for their famous art, craft, and dance forms. Their unique art can be seen in many art-forms and is very popular among the tourist. Dance forms like are Chau, the Folk dance, Gotipua dance, Naga and Medha dance, the Daskathia, Mahari dance, etc that are very respected in Odisha. The Adivasi people are also well-known for contributing their hard work towards creating such impeccable art. Namely, they have mastered their skills in creating pottery, the famous Saura painting, mak. The tribal communities are in various stages of economic and social development starting with the least developed Bondas and ending with the comparatively advanced Santals. There are 62 tribes in Orissa wary in their size, degree of acculturation and economic metal works, and many more. These art and craft can be seen at the Tribal Museum located at CRP Square, Bhubaneswar.

The Mahima Culture: Mahima Swami or Mahima Gosain was the founder of Mahima Dharma. He started his journey to reach Puri around 1826 from where he started Mahimabada. People called him ‘Dhulia Gosain’ because he slept on the sand. He further took this culture and acknowledged people on Non-Dualism with the Pandits of Mukti Mandapa inside the Jagannath temple and opposed the idol-worship. He meditated living at Udaygiri, Khandagiri, Dhauli, and later reached Kapilas in the Dhenkanal district which becomes his final destination. He wore the bark of Kumbhi tree and Bhagirathi Mahindra Bahadur, the King of Dhenkanal took care of his dietary plan. Mahima Dharma first came into existence in the early part of the 19th century A.D. as a religion in the Hindu reform movement. The Mahima philosophy adopted the teachings of Vedas, Upanishads, Advaita Vedanta and several Puraraasof Hindu Philosophy. This is a complicated theory raised voice against Saivism, Shaktism, Vaishnavism, and other Brahmanical religious faiths. The monks of this dharma have also spread this culture in Bengal, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh. This dharma mainly believes and aims at reforming the parent religion Mahimaites as Hindus believed in Punarjanma(rebirth), Karmaphala (results of action), and Avatarabadao (reincarnation ) and transmigration of the soul. Just like the Vaishnavas, they don’t wear sacred threads or put tilak or any mark on their forehead of Vaishnavism. They don’t wear any garland of beaded tulsi. They don’t eat or touch any food which is extremely salty, sweet, or bitter.